Performing this procedure in the home requires a sperm sample inserted into the vagina and placed at the cervix via a procedure known as intracervical insemination (ICI). The semen is typically not concentrated beforehand, and the cervix is simply bathed via a cervical cap, or with a reservoir of semen via a syringe. Essential equipment for this process at home includes ovulation test strips and/or a basal body thermometer to determine when you’re ovulating.
Timing is vital. Donors need 48 hours to replenish sperm between ejaculations as sperm can last several days inside the body. Ideally insemination should be performed two days before estimated ovulation, and again when a positive ovulation test is obtained. Unprocessed sperm can be inserted into the vagina with a needleless syringe, or placed in a menstrual cup and inserted into the vagina at the level of the cervix. The cervix placement is accomplished for feeling something with the consistency of the tip of the nose that has a round shape with a dimple in the middle. The majority of practitioners recommend lying on the back with a firm pillow under the sacrum to elevate the hips for at least 15 minutes after insemination. In addition, flipping over every 20 to 30 minutes for up to two hours can help the sperm wash over the cervix and swim through the uterus. If a menstrual cup or syringe is used to deposit the sperm into the vagina or cervix, an orgasm can be helpful afterward, since it causes contractions that can help bring the sperm into the uterus. The factors to be considered at home insemination are infection since the sample is nolt screened for infectious diseases. Also having semen unprocessed in the uterus can produce painful contractions.